Types of people in psychology and their influence on human behavior and emotions

06.07.2023 0 комментариев


Extrovert or introvert — each person classifies himself as one of the types. But what do they mean and what are the varieties? Let’s figure out what types of people are in psychology.

What is a psychotype

The psychotype is the features in the behavior and character of a person. Scientists have identified types of people in psychology, observing people’s reactions to various stressful situations and difficulties.

Studies have shown that, along with other features, the psychotype affects how a person can withstand difficult situations, difficulties, how he experiences conflict situations.

Three main character traits do not change throughout life and determine a person’s behavior in stressful situations — these are emotionality, energy and sociability.

Classification of psychotypes

Classification of psychotypes

There are many classifications. At different times, various scientists have proposed their own versions. But after a while, few remained popular. Consider the most popular.

According to Jung

This scientist proposed to distinguish two groups of people: extroverts and introverts. But each group has its own psychotypes with unique features.

Extroverts include the following psychotypes:

  • Ethical-intuitive — listen to their emotions and intuition.
  • Logical-intuitive — have an analytical mindset, calculate all events in advance.
  • Intuitive-logical — they love variety in life, are engaged in self-development.
  • Logical-sensory — like to communicate with people, take care of someone.
  • Ethical-sensory — can sacrifice their desires for the sake of others.
  • Sensory-ethical — hide their feelings in themselves, can use others.
  • Intuitive-ethical — easily feel the experiences of others.
  • Sensory-logical — for them the main thing is to be the first and best in everything.

Introverts include the following psychotypes:

  • Ethical-sensory — protect their personal space, rarely communicate with anyone close enough.
  • Logical-sensory — support the established way and order.
  • Ethical-intuitive — love to teach other people.
  • Logical-intuitive — before making a decision, they think about it for a long time.
  • Sensory-ethnic — appreciate the monotony, do not like conflicts.
  • Sensory-logical — before taking on a new business, they always complete the previous one.
  • Intuitive-ethical — love themselves, rest, get along well with other people.
  • Intuitive-logical — value comfort and confidence.

According to Hippocrates

He identified four types of personality, but in their pure form they do not exist. His classification was based on the concentration of four body fluids (black and yellow bile, sputum, blood).

  • Phlegmatic people are unhurried, independent, do not like to show their feelings to others.
  • Melancholic — prone to depression, often upset over trifles.
  • Cholerics — their mood often changes, they can suddenly get angry.
  • Sanguine — lead an active lifestyle, rarely get upset.

According to Holland

John Holland singled out the psychological types of people and showed their role in the implementation of professional activities.

  • Social — they need society, they like to be leaders.
  • Realistic — like to work, prefer working professions.
  • Intellectual — closed personalities, have their own opinions, are fond of science.
  • Artistic — creative people.
  • Conventional — they like monotonous work.
  • Enterprising — prefer to be in sight, communicate with other people.

MedAboutMe also recommends reading the article «Communicating with people of different temperaments» to understand how to properly communicate with people.

Posted on 06/15/2022 04:18 PM

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Used sources

Stress, coping, and adaptation / S. Hauser, M. K. Bowlds // psychology 1990

Conflict-Handling Modes in Interdepartmental Relations / Thomas, KW // Purdue University 1971

The logic of studying the natural foundations of psychic reality: the theory of mental hierarchy L.M. Wecker / Libin A.V., Libina A.V. // Methodology and history of psychology 2008

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